About Ireland

Republic of Ireland

Republic of Ireland is a country in Western Europe, also known as“Emerald Isle” because of the beautiful scenery of Ireland island.  The cultural heritage, premium educational system and hospitality of Irish people making Ireland one of the popular places for overseas studying in recent years. Ireland is one of the largest software-associated and pharmaceutical products exporters. The sophisticated development of the sectors provide a linchpin support for the tertiary education and research development in Ireland, particularly in the areas on high-end technology.   In 2005, the “Economist” rated the quality of life in Ireland on the top of the list world-wide, and also named Ireland one of the most livable place on earth.

Historical Background

3000BC, first known settlement in Ireland from mainland Europe. 1169, ruled by British invasion. 1800, signed a treaty of alliance with British and completely annexed by the British. 1916 outbreak of anti-British rule in Dublin, the “Easter Rising.” In 1921-1922, the Anglo-Irish Treaty, formalising independence for the 26-county Irish Free State; while the 6-county Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom. 1937, adopted the name of Ireland. 1948, declared independent from the United Kingdom 1949, Ireland declared a republic. 1973, joined the European Economic Community.

Other information

Independence Day: December 6, 1921 

National Day: March 17, also known as St. Patrick’s Day 

Area: 70,280 square kilometers

Population: 5 million people

Capital city: Dublin 

Language: 95% English;  5% Irish (Gaelic) 

Currency: Euro (€) 

Climate: Ireland has a temperate maritime climate Winter months: 

December – February, an average temperature of 2 ℃ to10 ℃ 

Summer month: May – September, an average temperature of 15 ℃ to 20 ℃ 

Time difference (with Hong Kong): – 8 hours, Daylight saving time -7 hours 

Country code: 353 (as in Hong Kong) 

Voltage: 230V, 50Hz (as in Hong Kong) 

Electrical plug: square column pin plug (as in Hong Kong)